Frozen Oceans

Frozen Oceans

The Floating World of Pack Ice

Book - 2004
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Firefly Books Ltd

Discover and explore worlds containing unexpected life.

As some scientists search for life on the frozen planet of Mars, others are discovering life in unexpected places here on Earth.

Frozen Oceans follows the expeditions of polar scientists in the Arctic and Antarctic as they investigate the life found in and around the ice caps, which cover up to 13 percent of the Earth's surface.

Every year during the harsh polar winter, the surface of the ocean freezes, forming a temporary ice layer called pack ice, or sea ice. The Antarctic is the site of the greatest seasonal event on Earth. In March, the air temperatures drop to as low as -40°F, the ocean, which turns to ice at 28.7°F, starts freezing at the incredible average rate of 2.22 square miles per minute!

This is the first book to explain in non-technical terms and show with color photography the abundance of life on, in and under the ice.

Topics include:

  • The nature of pack ice
  • Pack ice regions of the world
  • Life within a block of ice
  • Microbiology inside the ice
  • Mammals, birds and ice.

Scientists are continually being surprised by the abundance of life where no life was expected. For many years, ice was seen as an obstacle to exploration and a threat to life. The ice is now perceived as central to global ocean circulation as well as global climate patterns. Frozen Oceans is a must for anyone with an interest in the polar regions, marine biology and the Earth's environment.

Life abounds in and around the planet's ice caps and science has learned a great deal about it and the role pack ice plays in the world's ecology. This book is the first exploration of the topic for lay people and is abundantly illustrated.

Book News
Thomas (biogeochemistry, University of Wales) offers a description of discoveries made in frozen seawater over the last 25 years. A basic introduction to the subject, the text utilizes non-technical terms and color photographs to facilitate understanding. Subjects include the properties of pack ice, what occurs when seawater freezes, life that is sustained in and around ice, pack ice around the world, and threats and potentials to this environment. Maps, illustrations, and charts are offered along with a glossary of scientific terms. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

Publisher: Buffalo, N.Y. ; Richmond Hill, Ont. : Firefly Books, 2004
ISBN: 1554070007 (bound)
Branch Call Number: 551.343 THO
Characteristics: 224 p. : ill. (chiefly col.), maps (chiefly col.) ; 25 cm


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