Annotation Since 1996, readers relied on the "Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East for clear, authoritative background on one of the most complex and important regions of the world. With nearly 600 new entries and 1,000 updates, this second edition reflects the far-reaching changes the Middle East has undergone in recent years, making it more relevant and more necessary than ever before. Much has changed in the past eight years, and the need for information generated by the events of September 11, 2001 and the military action in Afghanistan and Iraq makes this unbiased revision essential. The set covers the modern history of the Middle East and North Africa, with major sections on Colonialism and Imperialism, the World Wars, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the United Nations involvement in the region. Each country in the region is reviewed, detailing its population, economy and government. With 3,000 nonpartisan articles written by specialists in anthropology, history, political science, religion andsocial sciences, this four-volume set is an indispensable tool in understanding the region's people, places, events and ideas.