A comprehensive resource for information on juvenile violence.
From concerns about juveniles' "incorrigibility" at the turn of the century to school violence in the 1990s, adults have attempted to understand, control, and prevent juvenile violence. Yet, juvenile violence takes many forms, including both violence by juveniles and violence against juveniles, and has various causes and consequences. Since juvenile violence cannot be understood without examining the social context of a given time, this comprehensive encyclopedia provides a historical overview of many significant time periods and offers entries about many types of juvenile violence. It covers competing theories of youth violence; issues such as gender, race, and educational status; and the criminal justice system's methods for dealing with both victims and offenders over time. Additionally, several topics that receive little attention in traditional volumes about juvenile violence, such as hazing, systemic violence in schools, peaceable schools, are covered in these pages.
From "Abused/Battered Children" to "Zero Tolerance Laws," the 270 alphabetical entries presented by Finley (sociology, Florida Atlantic U.) in this reference provide information on the frequency and types of juvenile violence in the United States, as well as historical information, assessment of relevant theories, examination of media issues, discussion of measures of juvenile violence, and examination of social and criminal responses to juvenile violence. Other representative examples of entry topics include the Boston Youth Strike Force, the Central Park Jogger case, curfews, delinquency and drift theory, theories on gang involvement, frequency of perpetration of violence by gender, genetic theories, types of gun-related violence, history of juvenile violence (by decade), marijuana, restorative justice, situational crime prevention, teen courts, and urban juvenile violence. Each entry provides a guide to further reading. Annotation ©2007 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Alphabetically arranged entries on such topics of juvenile violence as gangs, hate crimes, drugs, child abuse, social class, family, and interventions.