How have the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act Amendments of 1998 (Perkins III) affected the state of U.S. secondary education? Congress mandated a National Assessment of Vocational Education to determine just that. This report is part of that assessment. Using a case study sample from seven states and a national teacher survey, the authors analyzed the results to determine the impact of Perkins III in fulfilling the overall goal of improving vocational education. Given the time constraint (four years is not enough time for full implementation) and selected sample of states in the study, the authors conclude that Perkins III is having some positive affect but only within the framework of the greater influence of the individual states' general-education policies.